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新概念英语学习辅导_酒精饮料 Alcoholic beverages

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Alcoholic beverages are drinks containing ethanol.

Alcoholic beverages have been widely consumed since prehistoric times by people around the world, seeing use as a component of the standard diet, for hygienic or medical reasons, for their relaxant and euphoric effects, for recreational purposes, for artistic inspiration, as aphrodisiacs, and for other reasons. Some have been invested with symbolic or religious significance suggesting the mystical use of alcohol, e.g. by Greek religion in the ecstatic rituals of Dionysus, god of wine; in the Christian Eucharist; and at the Jewish Passover.

Moderate consumption of alcohol, defined by the U.S. Department of Agriculture and the Dietary Guidelines for Americans as no more than one to two drinks for men and one drink for women per day, is consistently shown as being beneficial for the heart and circulatory system. Moderate consumers statistically have fewer heart attacks and strokes, live longer, have lower blood pressure, and generally report better overall health.

However, some people are prone to developing a chemical dependency to alcohol, alcoholism. The results of alcoholism are considered a major health problem in many nations. A chemical dependency is such a strong dependency on a substance that it becomes necessary to have this substance just to function properly; The need of a substance developed from abusing the substance, requiring the substance for survival, like the need for food, or water.

Frequent excessive consumption can harmfully interfere with the user's well-being. The neurological effects of alcohol use are often a factor in deadly motor vehicle accidents and fights. People under the influence of alcohol sometimes find themselves in dangerous or compromising situations where they would not be had they remained sober.

Some religions—most notably Islam, Latter-day Saints, the Nikaya and most Mahayana schools of Buddhism and some Protestant sects of Christianity—forbid or discourage the consumption of alcoholic beverages for these and other reasons.

Most governments regulate or restrict the sale and use of alcohol.

  酒精饮料就是指那些含有乙醇的饮料。

  酒精饮料已经被世界各地的人们大量消耗了,从卫生学和医学的角度看,它是标准饮食的组成部分,因为它们有弛缓和欣快的效用,这还体现在别的方面,比如休闲娱乐,艺术灵感,引起性欲等等。

  美国农业部和美国饮食指南说,中度消耗酒精-男性每天不要超过一到两口,女性一天一口-这样有益于心脏和循环系统。一项统计说明,中度饮酒者的很少患有心脏病和中风,寿命都比较长,血压稍低,而且总体来说,身体各项功能都比较好。

  但是,有些人总是倾向于对酒精的化学依赖,这就是酒精中毒。这样对某种物质的化学依赖会成为这个人的必需,否则他的行为就会不正常,而渐渐地对这种物质的需求也会导致滥用,为了生存而需要这种物质,就象对食物和水的需求一样。

  频繁过多地使用就会对使用者造成内在的危害。酒精使用对神经的影响会导致致命的机动车事故或者打架行为。在酒精的作用下,人们有时会觉得自己处于危险中或者一种妥协的情况,而这些在他们清醒的时候是不会有的。

  有些宗教-比较明显的是伊斯兰教,耶稣基督后期圣徒教会,尼柯耶和大部分大乘佛教学校和基督教中的新教徒-由于这些原因和一些其他原因禁止或者阻碍饮酒。

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