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2011职称英语考试考前辅导_精选阅读中英文语句(32)

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The Great Wall of China (中国的长城)

6. Even with all this wealth, Chin lived in fear. Always present was the danger from the north. For 500 years northern barbarians had raided the farms of the Chinese. The raids of the savage horsemen were sudden and they were terrible.

6、即使拥有如此巨大的财富,秦始皇仍生活在恐惧之中。来自北方的危险不断威胁着秦帝国。500年来,北方的野蛮人不断抢掠中国的农业区。野蛮的胡骑常闪电般长驱直入,进行极其凶残的掠夺。

7. Chin could think of only one way to stop the raids. That was a giant wall. It had to be so big that no horseman could jump over it or ride around it. So the Great Wall was begun.

7、秦始皇只能想出一个办法阻挡他们的抢掠,那就是修一道巨大的城墙。城墙必须又高又长使胡骑既跳不过去又绕不过去。就这样,长城的修建开始了。

8. To build the Wall, Chin needed millions of workers. Almost no able-bodied person in China escaped the call to work. Men who had never held a tool in their hands were sent to the stone pits. Murderers and thieves were made to work— the Wall became the empire's jail. Cruel masters with whips kept the workers on the job. And those who got sick were left to die.

8、修筑长城需要几百万的劳工。当时中国的体格健全的人都奉召去服劳役,几乎没有一个人能幸免,一些从来手里没有拿过工具的人被送到采石场。杀人犯和强盗被强迫干活——修筑长城的工地成了帝国的监狱。残酷的监工官员挥舞着鞭子逼迫工人不得停歇地劳作。有病的人无人过问,只得等死。

9. The Wall began at the Gulf of Chihli. From there the workers cut out two trenches, 25 feet apart. They laid stone squares and bricks in the trenches to a height of 20 feet. The stones and bricks became the sides of the Wall. The space between was then filled with earth and paved with bricks. The top of the Wall became a roadway for horses (wide enough for two of today's automobiles). Then the workers built up the sides of the Wall even higher.

9、长城始于渤海湾。人们在那里劈出两个25英尺宽的堑沟,堑沟里砌了20英尺高的方块石和砖。这些石和砖,构成长城的侧面。在两壁之间的空间填土,并在上面铺砖。长城上面成了可行马匹的路面(宽到足以容两部现代的汽车并列)。然后民工把城墙的侧面修得高出路面。

10. Over the first 300 miles the workers did not find a level stretch for weeks at a time. Up the steep hills they dragged the heavy stone, their backs bearing the blows of the masters' whips. With little to eat and only rotting bits of cloth to wear, many became sick and died. Families of the workers sent messengers with food and clothes. But few messengers reached the Wall. They were afraid they, too, would be made to work.

10、在前一段300英里的修建中,民工们几个月找不到一段平坦的地段。他们背上挨着监工的鞭子,身后拖着沉重的石头,爬上陡峭的山坡。他们食不裹腹,衣衫褴褛,许多人都病死了。民工的家庭派人去送食品和衣物,可是能到达长城的很少。他们害怕自己也会被逼着去干活。
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