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2011职称英语考试中英文阅读精选:Why Antarctica Is Being Explored(2)

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Why Antarctica Is Being Explored(为什么要勘探南极洲)

6. The Antarctica treaty applies to all areas (the high seas excepted) below latitude 60 degrees south. This line, running around the globe some 2,000 miles from the South Pole itself, just misses the lower tip of South America, and is well below the Cape of Good Hope and New Zealand. There are a number of small islands between this line and the Antarctic continent, but the waters here are known to mariners as "the screaming Sixties" because there is so little obstruction to the world-circling winds.

6、《南极洲公约》适用于除公海以外位于南纬60度以南的所有区域。南纬60度线距南极点大约2000英里,它环绕地球,刚好错过南美洲的最南端,远在好望角和新西兰之南。该线和南极洲之间分布着一些小岛,但是,这里的海域被水手们称为“狂啸的60度”,因为这里障碍物很少,阻挡不了“世界环风”。

7. In contrast, in the northern hemisphere, the lands lying above the sixtieth parallel of latitude include much of Scandinavia, Siberia and Alaska, all of Greenland and Iceland, with a total population of several million. Great mountains help subdue the winds; a spur of the Gulf Stream and part of the Japan Current temper the frigid airs of this polar region. This, and the presence of the Arctic Ocean in the center of the great land mass, give the area a markedly different conformation and climate from that around the opposite pole.

7、与之相对的北半球,北纬60度平行线以北区域,包括斯堪的纳维亚半岛、西伯利亚和阿拉斯加的大部分地区,以及格陵兰岛和冰岛的全部,人口总数几百万。高山阻碍了风的前进;墨西哥湾流和部分日本洋流使这里的极地寒冷空气有所缓和;再加上北冰洋又处在大块陆地的中央。这一切使得这块区域相对于地球另一端来说,在构架和气候方面存在显著的不同。

8. Antarctica seems a vast basin of rock, filled and overflowing with a load of ice. In the heart of the continent it is almost as high as the summits of the Alps, yet soundings show that in places that rock floor is below sea level.

8、南极洲看似一个巨大的石盆,被冰所覆盖。大陆的中心几乎与阿尔卑斯山等高,然而,超声探测显示,岩石底部的许多地点都低于海平面。

9. Actually, the ice accumulation is less than it was perhaps 1,000 years ago. Its seaward flow is not so voluminous as it once was, and as a result there are patches of bare rock here and there along the coast and inland. They were scoured clear of soil ages ago, but one may sometimes find moss or lichens growing, though virtually no flowering plants.

9、事实上,与1000年前相比,这些冰的堆积物减少了许多,尤其是朝向大海的一面已经不像以前那么多了,在海岸边和陆地上留下一片片裸露的岩石。很多年前这里的土壤已经被冲刷干净,实际上已找不到开花植物的踪影,但有时还能发现地衣和苔藓。

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